Graduate School of Nursing Dissertations

Approval Date

4-14-2017

Document Type

Dissertation, Doctoral

Department

Graduate School of Nursing

Keywords

hope, emotional well-being, college students, substance use, sexual risk taking behavior, core self-evaluations

Subject Categories

Educational Psychology | Health Psychology | Higher Education | Mental and Social Health | Nursing | Psychiatry and Psychology

Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationship between hope, core self-evaluations, physical function, emotional well-being, health risk behaviors, and academic performance in freshman enrolled in their first year of college.

Participants: Freshman (N = 495) attending a large public university in the Northeast completed an online survey between February 1 to February 13, 2017.

Methods: Cross sectional descriptive survey. Linear regression, path analysis, and structural equation modeling procedures were performed.

Results: Core self-evaluations mediated the relationship between hope and emotional well-being and academic performance. Contrary to the hypotheses, higher hope predicted more sexual risk taking behaviors and alcohol use.

Conclusions: Core self-evaluations is an important component of hope theory. Hope Theory is useful for predicting emotional well-being, and academic performance, but not as useful for predicting drug use, alcohol use, and sexual risk taking. Hope and core self evaluations interventions are needed to improve academic performance and emotional well-being in university freshman.

Rights and Permissions

Copyright is held by the author, with all rights reserved.

 
 

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