GSBS Student Publications

Student Author(s)

Kimberly Stacy Harrington

GSBS Program

Cell Biology

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Cell Biology



Document Type


Medical Subject Headings

Biological Transport; Cell Compartmentation; Cell Nucleus; Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; *DNA-Binding Proteins; Humans; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute; Nuclear Localization Signals; Nuclear Matrix; Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; *Proto-Oncogene Proteins; Transcription Factors; Translocation, Genetic


Cancer Biology


Targeting of gene regulatory factors to specific intranuclear sites may be critical for the accurate control of gene expression. The acute myelogenous leukemia 8;21 (AML1/ETO) fusion protein is encoded by a rearranged gene created by the ETO chromosomal translocation. This protein lacks the nuclear matrix-targeting signal that directs the AML1 protein to appropriate gene regulatory sites within the nucleus. Here we report that substitution of the chromosome 8-derived ETO protein for the multifunctional C terminus of AML1 precludes targeting of the factor to AML1 subnuclear domains. Instead, the AML1/ETO fusion protein is redirected by the ETO component to alternate nuclear matrix-associated foci. Our results link the ETO chromosomal translocation in AML with modifications in the intranuclear trafficking of the key hematopoietic regulatory factor, AML1. We conclude that misrouting of gene regulatory factors as a consequence of chromosomal translocations is an important characteristic of acute leukemias.


Citation: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Dec 21;96(26):14882-7. Link to article on publisher's site

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Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID




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