Drosophila microRNAs are sorted into functionally distinct argonaute complexes after production by dicer-1
Interdisciplinary Graduate Program
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Medical Subject Headings
Animals; Binding Sites; Drosophila Proteins; Drosophila melanogaster; Gene Silencing; Genes, Reporter; Kinetics; MicroRNAs; Models, Biological; RNA Helicases; *RNA Transport; RNA, Messenger; RNA-Induced Silencing Complex
Biochemistry | Molecular Biology
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) guide distinct classes of RNA-induced silencing complexes (RISCs) to repress mRNA expression in biological processes ranging from development to antiviral defense. In Drosophila, separate but conceptually similar endonucleolytic pathways produce siRNAs and miRNAs. Here, we show that despite their distinct biogenesis, double-stranded miRNAs and siRNAs participate in a common sorting step that partitions them into Ago1- or Ago2-containing effector complexes. These distinct complexes silence their target RNAs by different mechanisms. miRNA-loaded Ago2-RISC mediates RNAi, but only Ago1 is able to repress an mRNA with central mismatches in its miRNA-binding sites. Conversely, Ago1 cannot mediate RNAi, because it is an inefficient nuclease whose catalytic rate is limited by the dissociation of its reaction products. Thus, the two members of the Drosophila Ago subclade of Argonaute proteins are functionally specialized, but specific small RNA classes are not restricted to associate with Ago1 or Ago2.
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Citation: Cell. 2007 Jul 27;130(2):287-97. Link to article on publisher's site
Forstemann, Klaus; Horwich, Michael D.; Wee, LiangMeng; Tomari, Yukihide; and Zamore, Phillip D., "Drosophila microRNAs are sorted into functionally distinct argonaute complexes after production by dicer-1" (2007). GSBS Student Publications. Paper 443.