Department of Neurobiology; Tzumin Lee Lab; Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Neuroscience Program
Medical Subject Headings
Animals; Animals, Genetically Modified; Axons; Dendrites; Drosophila; Drosophila Proteins; Membrane Proteins; Morphogenesis; Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules; Protein Isoforms; Variation (Genetics)
Neuroscience and Neurobiology
Drosophila Dscam isoforms are derived from two alternative transmembrane/juxtamembrane domains (TMs) in addition to thousands of ectodomain variants. Using a microRNA-based RNA interference technology, we selectively knocked down different subsets of Dscams containing either the exon 17.1- or exon 17.2-encoding TM. Eliminating Dscam[TM1] reduced Dscam expression but minimally affected postembryonic axonal morphogenesis. In contrast, depleting Dscam[TM2] blocked axon arborization. Further removal of Dscam[TM1] enhanced the loss-of-Dscam[TM2] axonal phenotypes. However, Dscam[TM1] primarily regulates dendritic development, as evidenced by the observations that removing Dscam[TM1] alone impeded elaboration of dendrites and that transgenic Dscam[TM1], but not Dscam[TM2], effectively rescued Dscam mutant dendritic phenotypes in mosaic organisms. These distinct Dscam functions can be attributed to the juxtamembrane regions of TMs that govern dendritic versus axonal targeting of Dscam as well. Together, we suggest that specific Drosophila Dscam juxtamembrane variants control dendritic elaboration and axonal arborization.
Rights and Permissions
Citation: J Neurosci. 2007 Jun 20;27(25):6723-8. Link to article on publisher's site
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Shi, Lei; Yu, Hung-Hsiang; Yang, Jacob S.; and Lee, Tzumin, "Specific Drosophila Dscam juxtamembrane variants control dendritic elaboration and axonal arborization" (2007). GSBS Student Publications. 437.