GSBS Student Publications

Title

TALE-family homeodomain proteins regulate endodermal sonic hedgehog expression and pattern the anterior endoderm

GSBS Program

Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology

UMMS Affiliation

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Department of Medicine, Division of Diabetes; of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology

Date

2-10-2007

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Body Patterning; DNA-Binding Proteins; Digestive System; Endoderm; *Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental; Hedgehog Proteins; Homeodomain Proteins; In Situ Hybridization; Insulin; Oligonucleotides; Xenopus Proteins; Zebrafish; Zebrafish Proteins

Disciplines

Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

sonic hedgehog (shh) is expressed in anterior endoderm, where it is required to repress pancreas gene expression and to pattern the endoderm, but the pathway controlling endodermal shh expression is unclear. We find that expression of meis3, a TALE class homeodomain gene, coincides with shh expression in the endoderm of zebrafish embryos. Using a dominant negative construct or anti-sense morpholino oligos (MOs) to disrupt meis3 function, we observe ectopic insulin expression in anterior endoderm. This phenotype is also observed when meis3 MOs are targeted to the endoderm, suggesting that meis3 acts within the endoderm to restrict insulin expression. We also find that meis3 is required for endodermal shh expression, indicating that meis3 acts upstream of shh to restrict insulin expression. Loss of pbx4, a TALE gene encoding a Meis cofactor, produces the same phenotype as loss of meis3, consistent with Meis3 acting in a complex with Pbx4 as reported in other systems. Lastly, we observe a progressive anterior displacement of endoderm-derived organs upon disruption of meis3 or pbx4, apparently as a result of underdevelopment of the pharyngeal region. Our data indicate that meis3 and pbx4 regulate shh expression in anterior endoderm, thereby influencing patterning and growth of the foregut.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Dev Biol. 2007 Apr 1;304(1):221-31. Epub 2006 Dec 15. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version

10.1016/j.ydbio.2006.12.024

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

Journal Title

Developmental biology

PubMed ID

17289013