Structural determinants of phosphoinositide selectivity in splice variants of Grp1 family PH domains
Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Program in Molecular Medicine and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Medical Subject Headings
*Alternative Splicing; Amino Acid Sequence; Binding Sites; Blood Proteins; Crystallography, X-Ray; GTPase-Activating Proteins; Glycine; Humans; Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate; Inositol Phosphates; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutagenesis, Site-Directed; Peptide Fragments; Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates; Phosphoproteins; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid; Substrate Specificity
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
The pleckstrin homology (PH) domains of the homologous proteins Grp1 (general receptor for phosphoinositides), ARNO (Arf nucleotide binding site opener), and Cytohesin-1 bind phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 3,4,5-trisphosphate with unusually high selectivity. Remarkably, splice variants that differ only by the insertion of a single glycine residue in the beta1/beta2 loop exhibit dual specificity for PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) and PtdIns(4,5)P(2). The structural basis for this dramatic specificity switch is not apparent from the known modes of phosphoinositide recognition. Here, we report crystal structures for dual specificity variants of the Grp1 and ARNO PH domains in either the unliganded form or in complex with the head groups of PtdIns(4,5)P(2) and PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3). Loss of contacts with the beta1/beta2 loop with no significant change in head group orientation accounts for the significant decrease in PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) affinity observed for the dual specificity variants. Conversely, a small increase rather than decrease in affinity for PtdIns(4,5)P(2) is explained by a novel binding mode, in which the glycine insertion alleviates unfavorable interactions with the beta1/beta2 loop. These observations are supported by a systematic mutational analysis of the determinants of phosphoinositide recognition.
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Citation: EMBO J. 2004 Oct 1;23(19):3711-20. Epub 2004 Sep 9. Link to article on publisher's site
The EMBO journal
Cronin, Thomas Charles; DiNitto, Jonathan P.; Czech, Michael P.; and Lambright, David G., "Structural determinants of phosphoinositide selectivity in splice variants of Grp1 family PH domains" (2004). GSBS Student Publications. 253.