GSBS Student Publications

Title

Distinct genetic interactions between multiple Vegf receptors are required for development of different blood vessel types in zebrafish

Student Author(s)

Jacques A. Villefranc

GSBS Program

Interdisciplinary Graduate Program

UMMS Affiliation

Program in Gene Function and Expression

Date

4-18-2006

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Base Sequence; Blood Vessels; DNA, Complementary; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutation; Phenotype; Phylogeny; Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3; Zebrafish; Zebrafish Proteins

Disciplines

Cell and Developmental Biology | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

Recent evidence indicates a specific role for vascular endothelial growth factor a (Vegfa) during artery development in both zebrafish and mouse embryos, whereas less is known about signals that govern vein formation. In zebrafish, loss of vegfa blocks segmental artery formation and reduces artery-specific gene expression, whereas veins are largely unaffected. Here, we describe a mutation in the zebrafish vegf receptor-2 homolog, kdra, which eliminates its kinase activity and leads to specific defects in artery development. We further find that Flt4, a receptor for Vegfc, cooperates with Kdr during artery morphogenesis, but not differentiation. We also identify an additional zebrafish vegfr-2 ortholog, referred to as kdrb, which can partially compensate for loss of kdra but is dispensable for vascular development in wild-type embryos. Interestingly, we find that these Vegf receptors are also required for formation of veins but in distinct genetic interactions that differ from those required for artery development. Taken together, our results indicate that formation of arteries and veins in the embryo is governed in part by different Vegf receptor combinations and suggest a genetic mechanism for generating blood vessel diversity during vertebrate development.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Apr 25;103(17):6554-9. Epub 2006 Apr 14. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

Journal Title

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

PubMed ID

16617120