GSBS Student Publications

Title

The impact of sleep, stress, and depression on postpartum weight retention: A systematic review

Student Author(s)

Rui Sherry Xiao; Aimee Kroll-Desrosiers

GSBS Program

Clinical & Population Health Research

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center

Date

11-2014

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Health Psychology | Mental and Social Health | Mental Disorders | Women's Health

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the impact of sleep, stress, and/or depression on postpartum weight retention.

METHODS:

We searched three electronic databases, PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and PsycInfo. Studies were included if they were published between January 1990 and September 2013 in English, measured sleep, stress, and/or depression in the postpartum period, and assessed the association of these factors with postpartum weight retention. Two reviewers reviewed included articles and rated study quality using a modified version of the Downs and Black scale.

RESULTS:

Thirteen studies met our pre-defined eligibility criteria, reporting on 9 study samples. Two were cross-sectional studies and eleven were longitudinal studies. The study sample size ranged from 74 to 37,127. All four studies examining short sleep duration and postpartum weight retention reported a positive association. The four studies examining postpartum stress and weight retention reported non-significant associations only. Of 7 studies examining postpartum depression and weight retention, 3 reported non-significant associations, and 4 reported positive associations.

CONCLUSION:

Research investigating the impact of postpartum sleep, stress, depression on weight retention is limited. Future longitudinal studies are needed.

Comments

Citation: Xiao, R. S., Kroll-Desrosiers, A. R., Goldberg, R. J., Pagoto, S. L., Person, S. D., & Waring, M. E. (2014). The Impact of Sleep, Stress, and Depression on Postpartum Weight Retention: A Systematic Review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 77(5), 351–358. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.09.016

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

Keywords

UMCCTS funding

Journal Title

Journal of Psychosomatic Research

PubMed ID

25306538