GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Approval Date

5-21-2014

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Academic Program

Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology

Department

RNA Therapeutics Institute

First Thesis Advisor

Melissa J. Moore, PhD

Second Thesis Advisor

Phillip D. Zamore, PhD

Keywords

DNA, Gene Expression, Gene Expression Profiling, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Protein Isoforms, RNA, Small Interfering RNA, DNA Sequence Analysis, Transcriptome

Subjects

Dissertations, UMMS; DNA; Gene Expression; Gene Expression Profiling; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing; Protein Isoforms; RNA; RNA, Small Interfering; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Transcriptome

Abstract

Analysis of gene expression has undergone a technological revolution. What was impossible 6 years ago is now routine. High-throughput DNA sequencing machines capable of generating hundreds of millions of reads allow, indeed force, a major revision toward the study of the genome’s functional output—the transcriptome. This thesis examines the history of DNA sequencing, measurement of gene expression by sequencing, isoform complexity driven by alternative splicing and mammalian piRNA precursor biogenesis. Examination of these topics is framed around development of a novel RNA-templated DNA-DNA ligation assay (SeqZip) that allows for efficient analysis of abundant, complex, and functional long RNAs. The discussion focuses on the future of transcriptome analysis, development and applications of SeqZip, and challenges presented to biomedical researchers by extremely large and rich datasets.

DOI

10.13028/M2X60K

Rights and Permissions

Copyright is held by the author, with all rights reserved.

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