Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Interdisciplinary Graduate Program
DNA Repair; DNA Damage; Casein Kinase II; Histones; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins; Academic Dissertations
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
The study of DNA templated events is not complete without considering the chromatin environment. Histone modifications help to regulate gene expression, chromatin compaction and DNA replication. Because DNA damage repair must occur within the context of chromatin, many remodeling enzymes and histone modifications work in concert to enable access to the DNA and aid in restoration of chromatin after repair is complete. CK2 has recently been identified as a histone modifying enzyme. In this study we identify CK2 as a histone H3 tail kinase in vitro, identify the phospho-acceptor site in vitro, and characterize the modification in vivo in S. cerevisiae. We also characterize the DNA damage phenotype of a strain lacking a single catalytic subunit of CK2. We further characterize the CK2- dependent phosphorylation of serine 1 of histone H4 in vivo. We find that it is recruited directly to the site of a DSB and this recruitment requires the SIN3/RPD3 histone deacetylase complex. We also characterize the contribution of H4 serine 1 phosphorylation in chromatin compaction by using reconstituted nucleosomal arrays to study folding in the analytical ultracentrifuge.
Foley, Melissa Anne, "Roles for Histones H4 Serine 1 Phosphorylation in DNA Double Strand Break Repair and Chromatin Compaction: A Dissertation" (2008). University of Massachusetts Medical School. GSBS Dissertations and Theses. Paper 387.