GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Approval Date

July 2006

Document Type

Doctoral Dissertation

Department

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Interdisciplinary Graduate Program

Subjects

Microtubules; Cytoskeleton; Microtubule-Associated Proteins; Cell Cycle Proteins; Neoplasm Proteins; Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; Cytokinesisl; Centrosome; Academic Dissertations; Dissertations, UMMS

Abstract

A complex network of protein filaments collectively known as the cytoskeleton carries out several crucial cellular processes. These functions include, but are not limited to, motility, cell shape, mitosis and organelle trafficking. The cytoskeleton is also highly responsive, allowing the cell to alter its shape in response to its immediate needs and environment. One of the major components of the cytoskeleton is the microtubule network. To refer to the array of micro tubules in the cell as a skeleton is a misnomer. Microtubules, by virtue of their structure and nature, are highly dynamic, continuously growing and shrinking. They also bind a variety of accessory molecules that aid in regulating and directing their dynamic activity. In this way they provide a structural basis for integral cell functions that require rapid assembly and disassembly. In some cases, perturbations of the microtubule network results in structural anomalies that lead to undesirable outcomes for the cell, namely chromosomal missegregation events and instability. The accumulation of these events may induce aneuploidy, which has been a fundamental component of tumorigenesis. This dissertation examines the role of the microtubule cytoskeleton within three distinct contexts. The first chapter investigates the association of the anti-apoptotic protein survivin with the microtubule network and its potential impact upon the cell from interphase to cytokinesis. The second chapter of this dissertation explores a little-studied, microtubule-dense organelle, referred to as the midbody, and the highly orchestrated events that take place within it during cytokinesis. The third and final chapter describes a unique experimental condition that may further our understanding of the interaction between the tumor suppressor p53 and the centrosome in cell cycle regulation and tumorigenesis.

Comments

Title from page 1. Title from approval page: Regulation of microtubule dynamics by survivin independently of Aurora B. Page 174 is blank.

Rights and Permissions

Copyright is held by the author, with all rights reserved.

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