The expanded Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events: Baseline characteristics, management practices, and hospital outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes
Center for Outcomes Research; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Medical Subject Headings
Acute Coronary Syndrome; Quality of Health Care; Evidence-Based Medicine
BACKGROUND: The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE)-a prospective, multinational study of patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs)-was designed to improve the quality of care for patients with an ACS. Expanded GRACE aims to test the feasibility of a simplified data collection tool and provision of quarterly feedback to index individual hospital management practices to an international reference cohort.
METHODS: We describe the objectives; study design; study and data management; and the characteristics, management, and hospital outcomes of patients > or =18 years old enrolled with a presumptive diagnosis of ACS.
RESULTS: From 2001 to 2007, 31,982 patients were enrolled at 184 hospitals in 25 countries; 30% were diagnosed with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, 31% with non-ST-segment myocardial infarction, 26% with unstable angina, and 12% with another cardiac/noncardiac final diagnosis. The median age was 65 (interquartile range 55-75) years; 24% were >75 years old, and 33% were women. In general, increases were observed over time across the spectrum of ACS (1) in the use in the first 24 hours and at discharge of aspirin, clopidogrel, beta-blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/receptor blockers; (2) in the use at discharge of statins; (3) in the early use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors and low-molecular-weight heparin; and (4) in the use of cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention. An increase in the use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention and a similar decrease in the use of fibrinolysis in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were also seen.
CONCLUSIONS: Over the course of 7 years, general increases in the use of evidence-based therapies for ACS patients were observed in the expanded GRACE.
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Citation: Am Heart J. 2009 Aug;158(2):193-201.e1-5. Link to article on publisher's site
Goodman, Shaun G.; Huang, Wei; Yan, Andrew T.; Budaj, Andrzej; Kennelly, Brian M.; Gore, Joel M.; Fox, Keith A. A.; Goldberg, Robert J.; Anderson, Frederick A.; and Expanded Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE2) Investigators, "The expanded Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events: Baseline characteristics, management practices, and hospital outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes" (2009). Clinical & Population Health Research. Paper 23.