The role of plasmacytoid dendritic cell-derived IFN alpha in antiviral immunity
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology
Medical Subject Headings
Animals; Antiviral Agents; B-Lymphocytes; DNA Virus Infections; Dendritic Cells; Humans; Immunologic Factors; Interferon-alpha; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Killer Cells, Natural; Lymphocyte Activation; RNA Virus Infections; T-Lymphocyte Subsets; Toll-Like Receptors; Viruses
Gastroenterology | Immunology and Infectious Disease
Viral infections represent a major source of acute and chronic human disease. The immune system plays a central role in the elimination of viruses through its ability to recognize pathogens and to induce virus-specific cellular activation, accompanied by a robust production of soluble molecules with antiviral effects. Interferons are among the most powerful natural soluble antiviral molecules. Upon viral infection, interferons are produced by a variety of cell types, with immune cells being the main contributors. The immune system works as a well-orchestrated team composed of multiple cell types. The mechanisms of intercellular cooperation that includes dendritic cells (DCs), their soluble factors, and different types of immune cells are yet to be fully understood. Further, the effects of viral infections on interimmune cooperation need to be investigated. In this review, we define the role of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) and PDC-derived interferon alpha (IFNalpha) during viral infections. Specifically, we address the mechanisms of IFNalpha induction and the cooperation between PDC, PDC-derived IFNalpha and T cells, B cells, NK, iNKT, and myeloid dendric cells in antiviral immune responses.
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Citation: Crit Rev Immunol. 2008;28(1):61-94.