Pregnancy Outcomes Among U.S. Women With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Center for Health Policy and Research, Commonwealth Medicine; Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center
Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Epidemiology | Family Medicine | Nervous System Diseases | Preventive Medicine | Primary Care | Women's Health
The existing research on pregnancy outcomes for women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is sparse. This study analyzed the 2010 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample and compared deliveries among women with IDD (n = 340) to the general obstetric population. Women with IDD had longer hospital stays and were more likely to have Caesarean deliveries in contrast to other women. Rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes were elevated for women with IDD across a range of measures, including early labor, preterm birth, and preeclampsia, and their infants were more likely to have low birth weight, even after adjusting for age, race, ethnicity, and insurance type. Targeted interventions are needed to address these deleterious outcomes.
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Citation: Am J Intellect Dev Disabil. 2015 Sep;120(5):433-43. doi: 10.1352/1944-7558-120.5.433. Link to article on publisher's site
Caesarean, intellectual and developmental disabilities, perinatal health, pregnancy, preterm
Parish, Susan L.; Mitra, Monika; Son, Esther; Bonardi, Alexandra; Swoboda, Paul T.; and Igdalsky, Leah, "Pregnancy Outcomes Among U.S. Women With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities" (2015). Family Medicine and Community Health Publications and Presentations. 304.