Factors affecting the organizational responses of employers to workers with injuries
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Cross-Sectional Studies; *Decision Making, Organizational; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; *Occupational Exposure; United States; *Wounds and Injuries
Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Preventative Medicine | Primary Care
The organizational responses of employers to work-related injuries is one of several significant influences on return-to-work outcomes. Thus, understanding the factors that lead to better or worse organizational responses to work injuries may ultimately help to improve success in this area. The purpose of this study was to systematically explore factors that might influence the organizational responses of employers to injured workers, based on employee perceptions. Cross-sectional survey data were collected from 2,943 subjects with work-related injuries which had occurred less than eight weeks prior to survey completion. Measured variables included pre-injury demographic and job factors, injury circumstances, and a measure of post-injury events that comprised the organizational response. Multivariate linear regression results show that age, gender, job dissatisfaction before injury, prior difficulty performing job tasks, injury severity, back injury and lost time were all associated with negative organizational responses, suggesting potential opportunities for intervention.
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Citation: Work. 2006;26(1):75-84.