Developing culturally competent community faculty: a model program
Department of Pediatrics; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
*Clinical Competence; *Cultural Diversity; *Curriculum; Education, Medical, Undergraduate; Faculty, Medical; Female; Humans; Male; Models, Educational; Program Evaluation; Questionnaires; Teaching
Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Medical Education | Preventative Medicine | Primary Care
The Liaison Committee on Medical Education recently set standards for cultural diversity training as part of the medical school curriculum. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of a faculty-development program designed to develop the capacity of the clinical faculty to integrate culture and advocacy education into clinical training. The paper describes the first two years of the development of an ongoing cultural competence curriculum that has been integrated into the training of community preceptors from 13 medical schools in New England and New York. The training, entitled"Teaching the Culture of the Community," consists of four 2.5-hour modules that include interactive lectures and small-group role-play exercises on cultural needs assessment, patient-centered interviewing, feedback on cultural issues and use of the community to enhance cultural understanding. The 137 participants in the first two years of the program (1999-00 and 2000-01) reported a high level of acceptance of the curriculum. In the second year, the program began to document participants' self-reported"intention to change" in relation to the cultural competence curriculum. Many participants reported plans to change aspects of their clinical care and their teaching practices. Intentions to change were most frequently expressed in the context of content on effective communication skills. In summary, cultural competency training has been successfully integrated into an existing faculty-development program for community-based preceptors.