Screening for Childhood Trauma in Adult Primary Care Patients: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Child Abuse; Child Abuse, Sexual; Adult Survivors of Child Abuse; Primary Health Care; Physicians, Family; Physician's Practice Patterns; Mass Screening; Cross-Sectional Studies
Community Health | Preventative Medicine
Objective: Compared to screening for partner violence, screening for childhood physical and sexual abuse among adult patients has received little attention, despite associated adverse health consequences. The objective of this exploratory study was to describe the practices, skills, attitudes, and perceived barriers of a large sample of family physicians in screening adult patients for childhood sexual or physical abuse.
Method: Surveys were mailed to the 833 members of the Massachusetts Academy of Family Physicians in 2007 eliciting information about screening practices. Factors associated with routine or targeted screening among adult primary care patients were evaluated.
Results: Less than one-third of providers reported usually or always screening for childhood trauma and correctly estimated childhood abuse prevalence rates; 25% of providers reported that they rarely or never screen patients. Confidence in screening, perceived role, and knowledge of trauma prevalence were associated with routine and targeted screening. Women and physicians reporting fewer barriers were more likely to routinely screen adult patients.
Conclusions: Despite the 20%–50% prevalence of child abuse exposure among adult primary care patients, screening for childhood abuse is not routine practice for most physicians surveyed; a large subgroup of physicians never screen patients. Study findings draw attention to a largely unexplored experience associated with considerable health care costs and morbidity. Results highlight the need to develop training programs about when to suspect trauma histories and how to approach adult patients.
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Citation: Weinreb LF, Savageau JA, Candib LM, Reed G, Fletcher KE, Hargraves, L. Screening for Childhood Trauma in Adult Primary Care Patients. Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2010;12(6)e1-10. Link to article on publisher's website