The latency to the onset of nicotine withdrawal: a test of the sensitization-homeostasis theory
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Adolescent; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; Humans; Male; Nicotine; Nicotinic Agonists; Questionnaires; Schools; Smoking; Substance Withdrawal Syndrome; Time Factors; Young Adult
Community Health | Preventive Medicine
The latency to withdrawal (LTW) is the expired time between the last cigarette and when the smoker feels the need to smoke again. The sensitization-homeostasis theory predicts that the LTW is inversely related to the frequency and duration of smoking such that more frequent cigarette consumption and a longer history of tobacco use will be associated with a shorter LTW. An anonymous cross-sectional survey of 1055 10th and 11th grade students of mixed ethnicity was conducted in two schools using self-completed questionnaires. Participants were asked "After you have smoked a cigarette, how long can you go before you feel you need to smoke again?" Of 162 current smokers, 73.5% reported a regular need to smoke and a LTW. Reported values for the LTW ranged from .05 h to "3 weeks or more." Monthly cigarette consumption ranged from 1 to 895. The LTW correlated inversely with monthly cigarette consumption (Kendall's tau b=-.53, P
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Citation: Addict Behav. 2008 Sep;33(9):1148-53. Epub 2008 May 8. Link to article on publisher's site
DiFranza, Joseph R. and Ursprung, W. W. Sanouri A., "The latency to the onset of nicotine withdrawal: a test of the sensitization-homeostasis theory" (2008). Family Medicine and Community Health Publications and Presentations. 157.