Department of Family Medicine and Community Health
Smoking; Adolescent; Tobacco; Tobacco Use Disorder; Substance-Related Disorders
Community Health | Other Medical Specialties | Preventative Medicine
Data from a nationally representative sample of smokers (ages 12-22 years, n=2,091) was examined to investigate the prevalence of symptoms of diminished autonomy over cigarettes. Six symptoms were assessed: failed cessation, smoking despite a desire to quit, and a need or urge to smoke, irritability, restlessness, or disrupted concentration attributed to nicotine withdrawal. One or more of the six symptoms were present in 18.9% of subjects who smoked less often than once per week. Among subjects who had not smoked 20 cigarettes in their lifetime, 12.6% had symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, and 25% had made an unsuccessful quit attempt.
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Citation: Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2009 Jan;6(1):25-35. Epub 2008 Dec 23. Link to article on publisher's site