Waterpipe Use and Susceptibility to Cigarette Smoking Among Never-Smoking Youth
Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine; UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Preventive Medicine | Substance Abuse and Addiction
INTRODUCTION: Susceptibility to cigarette smoking, defined as the lack of a firm decision against smoking, is a strong predictor of regular smoking and addiction. Several modifiable risk factors have been identified among never cigarette smokers, and one potential factor of interest is waterpipe use. The purpose of this study is to determine the association of waterpipe use with susceptibility to cigarette smoking among never-smoking youth.
METHODS: In a pooled analysis of 17 Arab nations with nationally representative Global Youth Tobacco Surveys conducted during 2002-2011, tobacco-related information was obtained from 30,711 never-smoking adolescents representing 4,962,872 youth. Study outcome was susceptibility to cigarette smoking, and primary exposure was waterpipe use. Data were analyzed in 2014 using weighted logistic regression models, including stratified models by gender, to determine the odds of susceptibility to cigarette smoking with waterpipe use, adjusting for confounders.
RESULTS: Overall, 20% of never-smoking youth were susceptible to cigarette smoking, ranging from 13.1% in Oman to 32.6% in Somalia; 5.2% currently used waterpipe, ranging from 0.3% in Morocco to 23.5% in Kuwait. The estimated odds of susceptibility to cigarette smoking were 2.5 (95% CI=1.9, 3.4) times higher for adolescents who used waterpipe in the past month compared with those who did not, controlling for confounders. Estimates were similar when stratified by gender.
CONCLUSIONS: Waterpipe use is associated with susceptibility to cigarette smoking. Study findings identify a novel risk factor for never smokers to initiate smoking and will help the public health community develop and implement policies around waterpipe use prevention.
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Citation: Am J Prev Med. 2015 Oct;49(4):502-11. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.03.035. Epub 2015 Jul 3. Link to article on publisher's site
Veeranki, Sreenivas P.; Alzyoud, Sukaina; Kheriallah, Khalid; and Pbert, Lori, "Waterpipe Use and Susceptibility to Cigarette Smoking Among Never-Smoking Youth" (2015). University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications. 907.