University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Title

Suicide risk screening and assessment: designing instruments with dissemination in mind

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Emergency Medicine

Date

9-1-2014

Document Type

Article

Medical Subject Headings

Biomedical Technology; Decision Making; Emergency Service, Hospital; Humans; Information Dissemination; Mass Screening; Research; Risk; Risk Assessment; Suicide; Time Factors; Translational Medical Research

Disciplines

Mental and Social Health | Preventive Medicine | Psychiatric and Mental Health | Psychology

Abstract

This paper summarizes recommendations made regarding the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention Research Prioritization Task Force's Aspirational Goal 2, to "determine the degree of suicide risk (e.g., imminent, near-term, long-term) among individuals in diverse populations and in diverse settings through feasible and effective screening and assessment approaches." We recommend that researchers shift to using "design for dissemination" principles to maximize both the goodness of fit and validity of screening and assessment measures for a given setting. Three specific recommendations to guide research efforts are made to achieve this shift: (1) the parameters related to each setting, including the logistics, scope of practice, infrastructure, and decision making required, should be identified and used to choose or design screening and assessment instruments that have a good fit; (2) to the greatest feasible extent, technology should be used to support screening and assessment; and (3) researchers should study the best methods for translating validated instruments into routine clinical practice. We discuss the potential barriers to implementing these recommendations and illustrate the paradigm shift within the emergency department setting.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Am J Prev Med. 2014 Sep;47(3 Suppl 2):S163-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.06.005. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed