University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Title

Alcohol and HCV: implications for liver cancer

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology

Publication Date

1-1-2015

Document Type

Book Chapter

Subjects

Animals; Ethanol; Hepatitis C; Humans; Immunity, Innate; Killer Cells, Natural; Liver Neoplasms; MicroRNAs; Oxidative Stress; Virus Replication

Disciplines

Digestive System Diseases | Gastroenterology | Hepatology | Immune System Diseases | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Infectious Disease | Neoplasms | Oncology

Abstract

Liver cancers are one of the deadliest known malignancies which are increasingly becoming a major public health problem in both developed and developing countries. Overwhelming evidence suggests a strong role of infection with hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV), alcohol abuse, as well as metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes either individually or synergistically to cause or exacerbate the development of liver cancers. Although numerous etiologic mechanisms for liver cancer development have been advanced and well characterized, the lack of definite curative treatments means that gaps in knowledge still exist in identifying key molecular mechanisms and pathways in the pathophysiology of liver cancers. Given the limited success with current therapies and preventive strategies against liver cancer, there is an urgent need to identify new therapeutic options for patients. Targeting HCV and or alcohol-induced signal transduction, or virus-host protein interactions may offer novel therapies for liver cancer. This review summarizes current knowledge on the mechanistic development of liver cancer associated with HCV infection and alcohol abuse as well as highlights potential novel therapeutic strategies.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Adv Exp Med Biol. 2015;815:197-216. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-09614-8_12. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Advances in experimental medicine and biology

PubMed ID

25427909