Extent and severity of coronary artery disease by coronary CT angiography is associated with elevated left ventricular diastolic pressures and worsening diastolic function
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Adult; Aged; Chi-Square Distribution; Coronary Angiography; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Vessels; *Diastole; Echocardiography, Doppler; Female; Humans; Linear Models; Male; Middle Aged; Mitral Valve; Models, Cardiovascular; Multivariate Analysis; Predictive Value of Tests; Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted; Severity of Illness Index; Stroke Volume; *Tomography, X-Ray Computed; Ventricular Dysfunction, Left; *Ventricular Function, Left
Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases
BACKGROUND: Patients with flow-limiting coronary stenoses exhibit elevated left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and abnormal left ventricular (LV) relaxation.
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relationship of extent and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) by coronary CT angiography (CTA) to LVEDP and measures of LV diastolic dysfunction.
METHODS: We identified consecutive patients undergoing coronary CTA and transthoracic echocardiography who were assessed for diastolic function. CAD was evaluated on a per-patient, per-vessel, and per-segment basis for intraluminal diameter stenosis by using an 18-segment model (0 = none, 1 = 1%-49%, 2 = 50%-69%, and 3 = 70%-100%) and summed over segments to obtain overall coronary plaque burden (segment stenosis score [SSS]; maximum = 54). Transthoracic echocardiography evaluated mitral inflow E wave-to-A wave ratio, tissue Doppler early mitral annual tissue velocity axial excursion, stage of diastolic dysfunction, and LV dimensions and estimated LVEDP from the ratio of mitral inflow velocity to early mitral annular (medial) tissue velocity.
RESULTS: Four hundred seventy-eight patients (57% women; mean age, 57.9 +/- 14.6 years; 24.9% prior CAD) comprised the study population. Increasing per-patient maximal coronary stenosis, number of vessels with obstructive stenosis, and SSS were associated with increased LVEDP. The prevalence of advanced diastolic dysfunction increased with greater number of obstructive vessels. In multivariable analyses, SSS was associated with increased LVEDP (0.8 mm Hg per tertile increase in SSS, 0.5-1.1; P < .001); reduced E' axial excursion (-0.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.5 to -0.1; P = .001), increased LV mass index (1.6 g/m(2) per tertile increase in SSS; P = .04), and increased relative wall thickness (0.005; 95% CI, 0.004-0.009; P = .03), with consistent relationships persisting even among persons with per-patient maximal stenosis < 50% and LV ejection fraction >>= 55%.
CONCLUSIONS: Extent and severity of obstructive as well as nonobstructive CAD by coronary CTA are associated with increased LVEDP and measures of diastolic dysfunction. Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Citation: J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2013 Sep-Oct;7(5):289-96.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jcct.2013.08.008. Epub 2013 Sep 26. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography
Lin, Fay Y.; Zemedkun, Micheas; Dunning, Allison; Gomez, Millie; Labounty, Troy M.; Asim, Muhammad; Horn, Evelyn; Aurigemma, Gerard P.; Maurer, Matthew S.; Roman, Mary; Devereux, Richard; and Min, James K., "Extent and severity of coronary artery disease by coronary CT angiography is associated with elevated left ventricular diastolic pressures and worsening diastolic function" (2013). University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications. 583.