Who participates in web-assisted tobacco interventions? The quit-primo and national dental practice-based research network hi-quit studies
Department of Quantitative Health Sciences
Medical Subject Headings
Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Dental Public Health and Education | Health Services Research | Public Health | Substance Abuse and Addiction
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is the most preventable cause of death. Although effective, Web-assisted tobacco interventions are underutilized and recruitment is challenging. Understanding who participates in Web-assisted tobacco interventions may help in improving recruitment.
OBJECTIVES: To understand characteristics of smokers participating in a Web-assisted tobacco intervention (Decide2Quit.org).
METHODS: In addition to the typical Google advertisements, we expanded Decide2Quit.org recruitment to include referrals from medical and dental providers. We assessed how the expanded recruitment of smokers changed the users' characteristics, including comparison with a population-based sample of smokers from the national Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS). Using a negative binomial regression, we compared demographic and smoking characteristics by recruitment source, in particular readiness to quit and association with subsequent Decide2Quit.org use.
RESULTS: The Decide2Quit.org cohort included 605 smokers; the 2010 BRFSS dataset included 69,992. Compared to BRFSS smokers, a higher proportion of Decide2Quit.org smokers were female (65.2% vs 45.7%, P=.001), over age 35 (80.8% vs 67.0%, P=.001), and had some college or were college graduates (65.7% vs 45.9%, P=.001). Demographic and smoking characteristics varied by recruitment; for example, a lower proportion of medical- (22.1%) and dental-referred (18.9%) smokers had set a quit date or had already quit than Google smokers (40.1%, P
CONCLUSIONS: Recruitment from clinical practices complimented Google recruitment attracting smokers less motivated to quit and less experienced with Web-assisted tobacco interventions.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00797628; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00797628 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6F3tqz0b3).
Sadasivam, Rajani S.; Kinney, Rebecca L.; Delaughter, Kathryn L.; Rao, Sowmya R.; Williams, Jessica Hillman; Coley, Heather L.; Ray, Midge N.; Gilbert, Gregg H.; Allison, Jeroan J.; Ford, Daniel E.; and Houston, Thomas K., "Who participates in web-assisted tobacco interventions? The quit-primo and national dental practice-based research network hi-quit studies" (2013). University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications. 51.