Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases | Women's Health
INTRODUCTION: Moderate intensity physical activity is recommended for individuals with diabetes to control glucose and prevent diabetes-related complications. The extent to which a diabetes diagnosis motivates patients to increase physical activity is unclear. This study used data from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (baseline data collected from 1993-1998) to examine change in physical activity and sedentary behavior in women who reported a diabetes diagnosis compared to women who did not report diabetes over 7 years of follow-up (up to 2005).
METHODS: Participants (n=84,300) were post-menopausal women who did not report diabetes at baseline [mean age=63.49; standard deviation (SD)=7.34; mean BMI=26.98 kg/m; SD=5.67]. Linear mixed model analyses were conducted adjusting for study year, age, race/ethnicity, BMI, education, family history of diabetes, physical functioning, pain, energy/fatigue, social functioning, depression, number of chronic diseases and vigorous exercise at age 18. Analyses were completed in August 2012.
RESULTS: Participants who reported a diabetes diagnosis during follow-up were more likely to report increasing their total physical activity (p=0.002), walking (p
CONCLUSION: A diabetes diagnosis may prompt patients to increase physical activity. Healthcare professionals should consider how best to capitalize on this opportunity to encourage increased physical activity and maintenance.
Type 2 diabetes, Exercise, Sedentary behavior, Sedentary activity, Women's Health Initiative
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms Commons, Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons, Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism Commons, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases Commons, Women's Health Commons