University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatric Medicine; Meyers Primary Care Institute

Publication Date

1-24-2017

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases | Epidemiology | Health Services Administration | Preventive Medicine

Abstract

The objectives of this longitudinal study were to examine differences between whites and blacks, and across two geographical regions, in the socio-demographic, clinical, and psychosocial characteristics, hospital treatment practices, and post-discharge mortality for hospital survivors of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In this prospective cohort study, we performed in-person interviews and medical record abstractions for patients discharged from the hospital after an ACS at participating sites in Central Massachusetts and Central Georgia during 2011-2013. Among the 1143 whites in Central Massachusetts, 514 whites in Central Georgia, and 277 blacks in Central Georgia, we observed a gradient of socioeconomic position with whites in Central Massachusetts being the most privileged, followed by whites and then blacks from Central Georgia; similar gradients pertained to psychosocial vulnerability (e.g., 10.7%, 25.1%, and 49.1% had cognitive impairment, respectively) and to the hospital receipt of all 4 evidence-based cardiac medications (35.5%, 18.1%, and 14.4%, respectively) used in the acute management of patients hospitalized with an ACS. Multivariable adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the receipt of a percutaneous coronary intervention for whites and blacks in Georgia vs. whites in Massachusetts were 0.57 (0.46-0.71) and 0.40(0.30-0.52), respectively. Thirty-day and one-year mortality risks exhibited a similar gradient. The results of this contemporary clinical/epidemiologic study in a diverse patient cohort suggest that racial and geographic disparities continue to exist for patients hospitalized with an ACS.

Keywords

Acute coronary syndromes, Longitudinal study, Race and geographic differences

Rights and Permissions

© 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. Citation: Prev Med Rep. 2017 Jan 24;6:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.01.010. eCollection 2017. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Preventive medicine reports

PubMed ID

28210536

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

 
 

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