Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Musculoskeletal Diseases | Rheumatology
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the time between the last rituximab infusion and initiation of a different biologic agent influenced infection risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
METHODS: Patients with RA who newly initiated rituximab within the Consortium of Rheumatology Researchers of North America registry were included if they switched to a nonrituximab biologic agent and had > /=1 followup visit within 12 months of switching. Patients were categorized by duration of time between their last rituximab infusion and initiation of a subsequent biologic agent (< /=5 months, 6-11 months, and > /=12 months). The primary outcome was time to first infectious event. Adjusted Cox regression models estimated the association between time to starting a subsequent biologic agent and infection.
RESULTS: A total of 44 overall infections (7 serious, 37 nonserious) were reported during the 12-month followup in the 215 patients included in this analysis (104 switched at < /=5 months, 67 at 6-11 months, and 44 at > /=12 months). Median (interquartile range) time to infection was 4 (2-5) months. Infection rates per patient-year in the < /=5-month, 6-11-month, and > /=12-month groups were 0.34 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.22-0.52), 0.30 (95% CI 0.17-0.52), and 0.41 (95% CI 0.22-0.77), respectively. After adjustment, time to switch to a subsequent biologic agent was not associated with infection, which remained unchanged when number and rate of rituximab retreatments were included in the models.
CONCLUSION: In this real-world cohort of patients with RA, infection rates ranged from 0.30 to 0.41 per patient-year, with no significant difference in the rate between patients who initiated a subsequent biologic agent earlier versus later after rituximab treatment.
Rights and Permissions
Copyright 2016, The Authors. Arthritis Care & Research published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Rheumatology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. Citation: Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2016 Dec;68(12):1888-1893. doi: 10.1002/acr.22912. Link to article on publisher's site
infection, biological agents, Rituximab, rheumatoid arthritis
Harrold, Leslie R.; Reed, George W.; Karki, Chitra; Magner, Robert P.; Shewade, Ashwini; John, Ani; Kremer, Joel; and Greenberg, Jeffrey D., "Risk of Infection Associated With Subsequent Biologic Agent Use After Rituximab: Results From a National Rheumatoid Arthritis Patient Registry" (2016). University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications. 1129.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License