University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Title

Gout Prophylaxis Evaluated According to the 2012 American College of Rheumatology Guidelines: Analysis from the CORRONA Gout Registry

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation

Publication Date

5-1-2016

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Musculoskeletal Diseases | Rheumatology

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To analyze prophylaxis using the CORRONA (COnsortium of Rheumatology Researchers Of North America) Gout Registry according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) guidelines, and to evaluate whether differences in disease characteristics influenced prophylaxis.

METHODS: All patients with gout in the CORRONA Gout Registry between November 1, 2012, and November 26, 2013, were included. They were divided into 2 groups: "receiving prophylaxis" versus "not receiving prophylaxis" at the time of enrollment. Patients having a flare at time of visit were excluded. Descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression models were performed to evaluate the factors associated with prophylaxis.

RESULTS: There were 1049 patients with gout available for analysis. There were 441 patients (42%) receiving prophylaxis and 608 (58%) not receiving prophylaxis. The most common drugs used for prophylaxis were colchicine (78%) and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (32%). Prophylaxis drug combination was used by 45 patients (10.2%). Patients in the "receiving prophylaxis" group were more likely to have a gout duration of < /= 1 year (n = 68, p < 0.001), > /= 1 flare in the year previous to enrollment (p < 0.001), > /= 1 healthcare uses in the last year [Emergency Department (p = 0.029); outpatient visit to primary care, rheumatologist, or urgent care clinic (p < 0.001)], have tophi (p < 0.001), report pain > 3 (p = 0.001), and have disease activity > 10 (p < 0.001) compared with patients in the "not receiving prophylaxis" group.

CONCLUSION: Forty-two percent of patients with gout in the CORRONA Gout Registry were receiving prophylaxis. Prophylaxis was significantly more common in patients with a higher disease burden and activity, which is in agreement with the ACR guidelines. Our study highlights disease characteristics influencing prophylaxis and furthers our knowledge on current use of flare prophylaxis.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: J Rheumatol. 2016 May;43(5):924-30. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.150345. Epub 2016 Mar 15. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

Keywords

flare prophylaxis, gout

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of rheumatology

PubMed ID

26980578