UMMS Affiliation

Program in Molecular Medicine; Department of Cancer Biology



Document Type


Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular; Cell Proliferation; Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; Cytokines; *Hepatocytes; Interleukin-6; Liver; Liver Neoplasms; Liver Regeneration; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; *Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8; Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 9; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc; Signal Transduction; Tumor Cells, Cultured


Biochemistry | Cancer Biology | Cell Biology | Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Developmental Biology | Molecular Biology


The cJun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway has been implicated in the growth of carcinogen-induced hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the mechanism that accounts for JNK-regulated tumor growth is unclear. Here we demonstrate that compound deficiency of the two ubiquitously expressed JNK isoforms (JNK1 and JNK2) in hepatocytes does not prevent hepatocellular carcinoma development. Indeed, JNK deficiency in hepatocytes increased the tumor burden. In contrast, compound JNK deficiency in hepatocytes and nonparenchymal cells reduced both hepatic inflammation and tumorigenesis. These data indicate that JNK plays a dual role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. JNK promotes an inflammatory hepatic environment that supports tumor development, but also functions in hepatocytes to reduce tumor development.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Genes Dev. 2011 Mar 15;25(6):634-45. doi: 10.1101/gad.1989311. Link to article on publisher's site


Copyright © 2011 by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Freely available online through the Genes & Development Open Access option.

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed


JNK, partial hepatectomy, hepatocellular carcinoma

PubMed ID



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.