Poster Session

Start Date

20-5-2016 12:30 PM

Document Type

Poster Abstract

Description

Background: Compared to other racial/ethnic subgroups in the U.S., Latinos experience increased rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors such as hypertension, inactivity, and diabetes. Sedentary behavior has also been defined as an additional risk factor for CVD, independent of physical activity participation. However, while sedentary behavior has been associated with increased risk for CVD among primarily White samples, previous studies in Latinos have shown mixed results.

Purpose: To explore the relationships between sedentary behavior and CVD risk factors, including BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, physical activity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, among a sample of Latino adults.

Methods: Cross-sectional secondary analysis of the Latino Health and Well-Being Study. Latino adults were recruited from the Greater Lawrence Family Health Center (N= 602). Surveys of sedentary behavior and physical activity were verbally administered. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, waist circumference and blood pressure. Medical record data for diabetes and dyslipidemia were obtained.

Results: This study showed that individuals in older age strata, females, and individuals with a less than high school education were more sedentary than their younger, male, and more educated counter parts. Sedentary behavior was positively associated with BMI (β = .164, p < .001) and waist circumference (β = .162, p < .001). There were no associations between sedentary behavior and blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, or physical activity.

Conclusions: There is growing evidence that sedentary behavior may have its own unique set of metabolic consequences. However, the consequences of sedentary behavior may not be uniform across subgroups. Evaluating the relationship between sedentary behavior and CVD risk is critical in identifying behaviors, like sedentariness, that contribute to the development of CVD.

Keywords

sedentary behavior, cardiovascular disease, latino, adults

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.

 
May 20th, 12:30 PM

Sedentary Behavior and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors among Latino Adults

Background: Compared to other racial/ethnic subgroups in the U.S., Latinos experience increased rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors such as hypertension, inactivity, and diabetes. Sedentary behavior has also been defined as an additional risk factor for CVD, independent of physical activity participation. However, while sedentary behavior has been associated with increased risk for CVD among primarily White samples, previous studies in Latinos have shown mixed results.

Purpose: To explore the relationships between sedentary behavior and CVD risk factors, including BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, physical activity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, among a sample of Latino adults.

Methods: Cross-sectional secondary analysis of the Latino Health and Well-Being Study. Latino adults were recruited from the Greater Lawrence Family Health Center (N= 602). Surveys of sedentary behavior and physical activity were verbally administered. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, waist circumference and blood pressure. Medical record data for diabetes and dyslipidemia were obtained.

Results: This study showed that individuals in older age strata, females, and individuals with a less than high school education were more sedentary than their younger, male, and more educated counter parts. Sedentary behavior was positively associated with BMI (β = .164, p < .001) and waist circumference (β = .162, p < .001). There were no associations between sedentary behavior and blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, or physical activity.

Conclusions: There is growing evidence that sedentary behavior may have its own unique set of metabolic consequences. However, the consequences of sedentary behavior may not be uniform across subgroups. Evaluating the relationship between sedentary behavior and CVD risk is critical in identifying behaviors, like sedentariness, that contribute to the development of CVD.

 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.