Poster Presentations

Start Date

20-5-2014 12:30 PM

Description

Patients with unilateral hip replacement surgery have an increased risk for additional joint replacement surgeries in the contralateral limb. Reduced coordination variability (Cvar) is associated with orthopedic disorders. Differences in joint Cvar after hip replacement surgery may provide information regarding the progression to a healthier state. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in surgical and contralateral limb knee and hip Cvar before and after surgery. A male participant completed gait analyses prior to total hip arthroplasty, three weeks following surgery (post-op) and ten months after surgery. He walked at a preferred speed while three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were recorded. A modified vector coding technique was used to determine the bilateral Cvar throughout stance for thigh-leg and pelvis-thigh flexion/extension and internal/external rotation coordination. Cvar was averaged for the stance phase of gait at each visit. Effect Size (ES) was calculated to determine clinically significant differences in variability both between the surgical and contralateral limbs and for each visit (Tables 1 and 2). In the surgical limb, variability was similar at all visits for pelvis-thigh and thigh-shank flexion/extension and internal/external rotation (ES<0.5). Differences in (Cvar) between the surgical and contralateral limbs diminished with time. While Cvar in the surgical limb did not change, Cvar in the contralateral limb decreased over time. This may indicate a decline in health and an increased risk for orthopedic disorders in the contralateral limb after hip replacement surgery.

Comments

Abstract of poster presented at the 2014 UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat, held on May 20, 2014 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Mass.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.

 
May 20th, 12:30 PM

Coordination Variability after Hip Replacement Surgery: A Case Report

Patients with unilateral hip replacement surgery have an increased risk for additional joint replacement surgeries in the contralateral limb. Reduced coordination variability (Cvar) is associated with orthopedic disorders. Differences in joint Cvar after hip replacement surgery may provide information regarding the progression to a healthier state. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in surgical and contralateral limb knee and hip Cvar before and after surgery. A male participant completed gait analyses prior to total hip arthroplasty, three weeks following surgery (post-op) and ten months after surgery. He walked at a preferred speed while three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic data were recorded. A modified vector coding technique was used to determine the bilateral Cvar throughout stance for thigh-leg and pelvis-thigh flexion/extension and internal/external rotation coordination. Cvar was averaged for the stance phase of gait at each visit. Effect Size (ES) was calculated to determine clinically significant differences in variability both between the surgical and contralateral limbs and for each visit (Tables 1 and 2). In the surgical limb, variability was similar at all visits for pelvis-thigh and thigh-shank flexion/extension and internal/external rotation (ES<0.5). Differences in (Cvar) between the surgical and contralateral limbs diminished with time. While Cvar in the surgical limb did not change, Cvar in the contralateral limb decreased over time. This may indicate a decline in health and an increased risk for orthopedic disorders in the contralateral limb after hip replacement surgery.

 

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