Start Date

8-5-2013 12:30 PM

End Date

8-5-2013 1:30 PM

Document Type

Event

Description

Diphtheria anti-toxin (DAT) has been used to treat Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection for over one hundred years. While the global incidence of diphtheria has declined in the 20th century, the disease remains endemic in many parts of the world and significant outbreaks still occur. Diphtheria anti-toxin is an equine polyclonal antibody with considerable side effects that is in critically short supply globally. A safer, more readily available alternative to DAT would be desirable. In the current study, we cloned human monoclonal antibodies (HuMabs) directly from antibody secreting cells of human volunteers immunized with Td vaccine. We isolated a diverse panel of HuMabs that recognized diphtheria toxoid and recombinant protein fragments of diphtheria toxin. Forty-one unique HuMabs were expressed in 293T cells and tested for neutralization of diphtheria toxin in in vitro cytotoxicity assays. The lead candidate HuMab, 315C4 potently neutralized diphtheria toxin with an EC50 of 0.65 ng/mL. Additionally, 25 μg of 315C4 completely protected guinea pigs in an in vivo lethality model. In comparison, 1.6 IU of DAT was necessary for full protection resulting in an estimated relative potency of 64 IU/mg for 315C4. We further established that our lead candidate HuMab binds to the receptor binding domain of diphtheria toxin and blocks the toxin from binding to the putative receptor, heparin binding-epidermal growth factor like growth factor. The discovery of a specific and potent neutralizing antibody against diphtheria toxin holds promise as a potential human therapeutic and is being developed for human use.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.

 
May 8th, 12:30 PM May 8th, 1:30 PM

Identification of a Human Monoclonal Antibody to Replace Equine Diphtheria Anti-toxin for the Treatment of Diphtheria

Diphtheria anti-toxin (DAT) has been used to treat Corynebacterium diphtheriae infection for over one hundred years. While the global incidence of diphtheria has declined in the 20th century, the disease remains endemic in many parts of the world and significant outbreaks still occur. Diphtheria anti-toxin is an equine polyclonal antibody with considerable side effects that is in critically short supply globally. A safer, more readily available alternative to DAT would be desirable. In the current study, we cloned human monoclonal antibodies (HuMabs) directly from antibody secreting cells of human volunteers immunized with Td vaccine. We isolated a diverse panel of HuMabs that recognized diphtheria toxoid and recombinant protein fragments of diphtheria toxin. Forty-one unique HuMabs were expressed in 293T cells and tested for neutralization of diphtheria toxin in in vitro cytotoxicity assays. The lead candidate HuMab, 315C4 potently neutralized diphtheria toxin with an EC50 of 0.65 ng/mL. Additionally, 25 μg of 315C4 completely protected guinea pigs in an in vivo lethality model. In comparison, 1.6 IU of DAT was necessary for full protection resulting in an estimated relative potency of 64 IU/mg for 315C4. We further established that our lead candidate HuMab binds to the receptor binding domain of diphtheria toxin and blocks the toxin from binding to the putative receptor, heparin binding-epidermal growth factor like growth factor. The discovery of a specific and potent neutralizing antibody against diphtheria toxin holds promise as a potential human therapeutic and is being developed for human use.

 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.