Start Date

20-5-2011 5:00 PM

End Date

20-5-2011 5:00 PM

Document Type

Event

Description

Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) is a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes that affects 1 in 3 obese children. Inflammatory cytokines secreted from macrophages are thought to be partly responsible for the metabolic abnormalities associated with MetSyn. This study aimed to determine whether peripheral blood monocytes (macrophage precursors) from overweight individuals with MetSyn (Overwt-MetSyn) demonstrate enhanced activation of inflammatory signaling pathways when compared to metabolically normal overweight (Overwt-Healthy) or lean individuals. We conducted a cross sectional pilot study involving 24 adolescents (six boys and eighteen girls) recruited from the University of Massachusetts Boston and Worcester campuses. Six subjects were classified as Overwt-MetSyn using a modified definition proposed by the International Diabetes Federation. The Overwt-MetSyn group demonstrated an elevated expression of TLR2 and TLR4 in peripheral monocytes, and increased circulating levels of TNFa and IL6. Expression of TLR2 and TLR4 showed a positive correlation with circulating cytokines, and expression of TNFa correlated with waist circumference and BMI. Metabolic syndrome in adolescents is associated with increased activation of the TLR signaling pathway in monocytes. The knowledge gained from this study will advance our understanding of the contribution of monocytes to the pathophysiology of MetSyn.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.

Share

COinS
 
May 20th, 5:00 PM May 20th, 5:00 PM

Role of inflammatory monocytes in adolescent metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) is a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes that affects 1 in 3 obese children. Inflammatory cytokines secreted from macrophages are thought to be partly responsible for the metabolic abnormalities associated with MetSyn. This study aimed to determine whether peripheral blood monocytes (macrophage precursors) from overweight individuals with MetSyn (Overwt-MetSyn) demonstrate enhanced activation of inflammatory signaling pathways when compared to metabolically normal overweight (Overwt-Healthy) or lean individuals. We conducted a cross sectional pilot study involving 24 adolescents (six boys and eighteen girls) recruited from the University of Massachusetts Boston and Worcester campuses. Six subjects were classified as Overwt-MetSyn using a modified definition proposed by the International Diabetes Federation. The Overwt-MetSyn group demonstrated an elevated expression of TLR2 and TLR4 in peripheral monocytes, and increased circulating levels of TNFa and IL6. Expression of TLR2 and TLR4 showed a positive correlation with circulating cytokines, and expression of TNFa correlated with waist circumference and BMI. Metabolic syndrome in adolescents is associated with increased activation of the TLR signaling pathway in monocytes. The knowledge gained from this study will advance our understanding of the contribution of monocytes to the pathophysiology of MetSyn.

 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.