Influence of age on use of cardiac catheterization and associated outcomes in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes
Center for Outcomes Research; Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Medical Subject Headings
Acute Coronary Syndrome; Age Factors; Aged; Coronary Angiography; Disease Management; Female; Heart Catheterization; Hospital Mortality; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Registries; Risk Assessment; Treatment Outcome
Health Services Research
Randomized controlled trials support the use of an early invasive strategy in high-risk patients with non-ST-segment elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Although risk increases with age, limited data are available to support this strategy in older patients. The aims of this study were to examine temporal trends in the management and outcomes of NSTE ACS in elderly patients and to explore reasons for the lower use of early angiography in the aged population. Data from 11,732 patients with NSTE ACS were collected from 3 consecutive Canadian registries (ACS I, ACS II, and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events [GRACE]/GRACE2) from 1999 to 2007. Rates of in-hospital cardiac catheterization, revascularization, infarction or reinfarction, and death were stratified by age (<65, 65 to 74, and > or = 75 years). Although overall, rates of in-hospital catheterization and revascularization increased over time (p <0.001), the largest increase occurred in patients aged <65 years. The strongest independent negative predictor of the use of cardiac catheterization was age > or = 75 years (adjusted odds ratio 0.45, 95% confidence interval 0.37 to 0.56, p <0.001). Use of an early invasive approach was associated with a reduction in 1-year mortality across all age groups, but the absolute difference was greatest in patients aged > or = 75 years. The underestimation of risk by physicians (ascertained in ACS II) was the most common reason for choosing a conservative strategy. In conclusion, despite an overall increased use of an early invasive strategy, elderly patients with NSTE ACS remain significantly less likely to undergo cardiac catheterization and revascularization and are often erroneously perceived to be at low risk by their physicians. Future studies should determine whether more aggressive treatment of these high-risk elderly patients improves outcomes.
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Citation: Am J Cardiol. 2009 Jun 1;103(11):1530-6. Epub 2009 Apr 8. Link to article on publisher's site