The ALS Patient Care Database: insights into end-of-life care in ALS
Center for Outcomes Research
Medical Subject Headings
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; Analysis of Variance; Chi-Square Distribution; Databases as Topic; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Palliative Care; Retrospective Studies; Terminal Care
Health Services Research
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical practices and patient outcomes near the end of life in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
BACKGROUND: Patients, families, and healthcare providers face several dilemmas in selecting and delivering care near the end of life in ALS. Published data on clinical practices and their benefits during end-of-life care for ALS patients consist of anecdotal reports based on small case series or individual case reports.
METHODS: Data were obtained from 1014 American and Canadian patients with ALS who died while participating in a large observational registry (the ALS Patient Care Database) during the past four years. Following death, a caregiver or family member provided data for each patient using a standard questionnaire. Data were principally generated through American and Canadian ALS multidisciplinary centers of excellence.
RESULTS: Most patients died peacefully (90.7%) and 62.4% died in a hospice-supported environment. Advance directives were in place for 88.9% of patients and were followed in 96.8%. Among the 67 patients who exhibited distress in the dying process, symptoms included breathing difficulties (82.1%), fear/anxiety (55.2%), pain (23.9%), insomnia (14.9%), and choking (14.93%). Oxygen was given to 52.6% of patients, and pain medications were given to 74%.
CONCLUSION: These data suggest that palliative care at the end of life was relatively well managed for most patients with ALS who participated in this study; nevertheless, several opportunities for improvement were identified.
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Citation: Amyotroph Lateral Scler Other Motor Neuron Disord. 2001 Dec;2(4):203-8. Link to article on publisher's site